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4130 Truxel Road, Suite D Sacramento, CA 95834

4130 Truxel Road, Suite D Sacramento, CA 95834
916.928.8383

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Home » Private: Your Eye Health » Eye Conditions » Nearsighted (Myopia)

Nearsighted (Myopia)

Nearsightedness, technically known as myopia, is a condition which causes difficulty focusing on objects at a distance, while near vision remains normal. Myopia is one of the most common vision problems worldwide and it is on the rise.

Myopia Signs and Symptoms

People with myopia are usually able to see well up close, but have difficulty seeing objects at a distance. Due to the fact that they may be straining or squinting to see into the distance, they may develop headaches, eye fatigue or eye strain.

Myopia Causes

Myopia is a refractive error caused by an irregular shaped cornea that affects the way light is focused on the retina. For clear vision, light should come to a focus point directly onto the retina. In myopia, the cornea is longer than usual, resulting in a focus point that falls in front of the retina, causing distant objects to appear blurry, while close objects can be seen normally.

Myopia typically has a genetic component as it often appears in multiple members of a family and it usually begins to show signs during childhood, often getting progressively worse until stabilizing around age 20. There may also be environmental factors that contribute to myopia such as work that requires focusing on close objects for an extended period of time and spending too much time indoors.

Diagnosis of Myopia

Myopia is diagnosed by an eye examination with an qualified optometrist. During the exam the optometrist will determine the visual acuity of the eye to prescribe eye glasses or contact lenses. A prescription for myopia will be a negative number such as -1.75.

Treatment for Myopia

Myopia is typically treated with corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses and in certain cases refractive surgery such as LASIK or PRK is an option. Surgery is the most risky treatment as it requires permanently changing the shape of the cornea. Other treatments involve implanting a lens that reshapes the cornea called a phakic intra-ocular lens or vision therapy. A treatment called Ortho-k, in which the patient wears corneal reshaping contact lenses at night to see without correction during the day can be another option.

While some people require vision correction throughout the day, others may only need it only during certain tasks such as driving, watching television or viewing a whiteboard in school. The type of treatment depends on the overall health of your eye and your eye and vision needs.

We are happy to announce that beginning May 11th, we will resume patient care!  Out of an abundance of caution, and guidance from various health agencies including the CMS, CDC, and CDPH, we will be following various safety protocols to protect the health and safety of our patients and staff.  The following protocols apply whether you are coming in for an eye exam, coming to pick out new glasses, or picking up glasses or contacts. Prior to entry there are 3 important steps:

1.  Bring your own mask: You must bring your own mask or face covering!  It is required to be worn at all times within the office (we are unable to provide masks from the office; if you do not bring a mask, we will have to reschedule your visit for a later date).

2.  Body temperature reading: Staff will be administering thermometer readings, and must be within normal range for entry into the office.

3.  Attest to good health: You must attest to good health, with no symptoms of fever, cough, shortness of breath, chills, sore throat, loss of taste/smell, and have not had contact with another person with COVID19 in the past 14 days.

 In addition, we will include limiting the number of patients in the office.  Therefore, you may be asked to call the office upon arrival, and may need to wait outside or in your car until you are called into the office.  Only patients will be allowed in the office (please have spouses, relatives, and friends wait outside of the office).  Exceptions include minors and dependents...may be accompanied by one adult parent or caretaker.

Sincerely,

The Natomas Optometry Team